Adventures In Advertising


This weeks post is about the adventure of creating a new advertisement that would fit into an already established ad campaign.  I chose the Snickers, “You aren’t you when you’re hungry” campaign.  Through the fair use act, we were allowed to use an existing advertisement from an ad campaign without the written permission of the company creating the ad. We could also use the company logo.

We had to use at least two of the programs we have worked with this semester.  Adobe Illustrator, Indesign, and Photoshop were the three programs we have worked with.

Original Advertisement

Here is the URL where I found the ad.

One of the design elements they used was proximity. The two main sentences were grouped closely together and separated by an image.

Another design element they used was alignment.  Each line of each sentence was aligned with the other lines and both sentences aligned with each other.  They used center alignment which I feel was brilliant in this ad.  It grabs your eyes directly to the point they are trying to make to us, which is “go directly and get a snickers”.

The typography is also direct and to the point. They used the same font throughout the entire ad, yet created contrast by the use of size and kearning.

They also created contrast by the use of different colors on the sentences. Personally I would have used the same color.  I feel that the two different colors are very distracting rather than creating contrast.

New Advertisement

My ad needed to fit the campaign, yet be different.  Instead of asking “how angry does hunger make you?” I asked, “How moody does hunger make you?” Immediately, a childhood toy came to my mind.  MOOD RINGS were all the rage when I was young.  So I used Adobe Illustrator to create mood rings.  There are four mood rings, each showing a different level of crankiness.  I found an image of a Snickers bar that said “cranky” on it.  I decided it fit perfectly with my images of moody.  So I wrote an email to the company whose ad I found it in and they gave me permission to use it.  I used Adobe Photoshop to remove the background of all the images I used in the ad. I also used Adobe Photoshop to create the ad.

I also used proximity to group the sentences together and I used images to separate them.

The original ad used center alignment right down the middle of the page.  I chose to align the mood rings on the right side of the page and on the left I centered the text and the images.  Both images are aligned with each other.  All text is aligned with other text, but it is center aligned within the images.  The Snickers logo is centered with the other images, although it is smaller and is centered inside the outsides of the images.

I chose to use the same color scheme as the original ad, however I changed the yellow text to white for consistency.  The other advertisements that I saw from this campaign had consistent white text throughout the ads.

Targeted Audience

The audience I was after, was everyone who isn’t allergic to peanuts, chocolate, milk, and etc.  I think everyone loves a Snickers.  Adults of course have money to purchase them, however their child who sees the ad would definitely become cranky and start begging for one.  I work in a place that sells candy as a side line and daily I hear cranky children pleading, begging, and even demanding Snickers.  While it is aimed at people with money to spend, it also entices anyone who recognizes a Snickers bar.

Photography and Images

Here are the images and the URL’s where I found them.  The majority of them come from which is a site offering CCO images.  This means they are free to use without written permission.


These are the images I used inside of the mood rings to indicate different degrees of moodiness or crankiness.  Here are the URLs





I created the mood rings with Adobe Illustrator.

I also used the following images.

  The url for this image is

The cranky candy bar image was found through Google images.  I had to send and email to the company that had the rights to the image.  The company was Blippar.  They immediately contacted me giving me permission to use it for this assignment.

I The URL for this image is

I was able to use the Snickers logo once again through the fair use act.

Here is the URL where I found it.

Slide Show

I am going to share the PDF document to show the entire slide show.

Snickers Final Ad Campaign


This has been an extremely intense assignment.  I learned many new things about the Adobe programs and had many frustrating, although rewarding moments.  I can’t wait to continue using these new skills.

I would like to give one last thank you to our amazing instructor, Jenny VanSistine.  She spent so many hours helping us to achieve and learn so much in this class.  She has been such a bright spot in my college career and I can only hope that I am privileged and blessed to have many more who give so much.  THANK YOU Sister VanSistine.






An Ad Is Worth a Thousand Words

My First Introduction to Photoshop

As I began this assignment, I was traveling and only had access to the internet in the house we rented for a couple of days and at the homes of family we visited during our travels.  Our first assignment when we begin a new program is to complete a downloaded worksheet that teaches us how to use the program.  This week we were introduced to Photoshop.

On Monday morning, I had a couple of hours of freetime before I had to pack to begin our journey home.  I decided to download the worksheet and get started.  When I opened the worksheet after I had downloaded it, it was only 1/2″ wide.  I knew I must have done something wrong in the download.  I attempted to download it two more times.  Each time I had the same results.  At this point, I reached out to my teacher through email to see if she could help.  I attempted to download it one more time and I discovered that the tab file in Photoshop said saved at 6.36%.  That gave me the idea that I should be able to enlarge it.  I clicked on the tab View in Photoshop.  There on the list was 100%. I clicked on that and it opened to the full screen.  Not to be profane, but I wanted to get up and dance and sing Hallelujah.

By this time, it was time to pack up and leave and for varying reasons, I was not able to look at the assignment again until late Tuesday evening when we arrived home.  The assignment was due on Wednesday evening and I had to work all day Wednesday, so I used the one time extension to give me a couple of extra days to work on it.  This put me behind on creating my rough draft that had to be submitted by Saturday at noon to give Sister VanSistine time to give a critique on it. Also, I wanted to be sure to get it in for some kind of a grade rather than take a 0.

My Really Rough Draft

I knew my rough draft was really bad.  I was assigned to create an ad for measuring cups.  My target audience was well educated 65 year old males.  Just to give you a good laugh, I am going to post my rough draft here.

Let me know when you are finished laughing and I will continue.  My thought process was a retired man deciding he wanted chocolate chip cookies and deciding to make them himself.  Of course, having had the best all of his working years, he would only consider using the best mixing cups.  Which at that time had to be this measuring cup graphic that I was able to find that I didn’t have to have written permission to use and the Logo for Kitchen Aid.  I was really in a crunch for time and I felt incredibly embarassed by this attempt, but my creative juices just were not flowing.

Even as I submitted this my head was spinning with things I needed to do differently.  I took a break from it Saturday evening and Sunday to let my head clear.  On Monday, I began to do some research on places I could find images that I could legally use without getting written permission.  I would be happy to get permission, but time and finding out how to contact people to use their work was just not a viable option for me for this assignment.  So I had to find images that were legal to use.

Final Draft

After a few revisions, I came up with a final draft I was ready to submit.  One of the requirements was to use creative symbolic communication.  That has been very difficult for me to do.  Here is my final draft.

This is my static tv ad.  The document size had to be 1920px X 1080px.  My resolution on it was 150dpi.

This is my Magazine Half Page Ad.  It is 8.5″ X 5.5″.  Resolution is again 150dpi.

I used the following images to create these ads.


I chose this one from a website called pixabay that offers free use of their images.  All of the images fall under the guidelines of CCO or creative commons use.

This was also found on pixabay as mentioned above, it is a CCO site.

I am pretty proud of these measuring cups.  I hunted for several hours for measuring cups that would look nice and go with my color scheme.  After several hours of finding images and trying to manipulate them, I finally created these cups in Adobe Illustrator.  While not perfect, they definitely worked better than any images I found.

Project Conclusion

While I have struggled with symbolic visual communication, I’m honestly not sure that a 65 year old man with a masters or doctorate degree would really be impressed by a symbolically creative ad.  I think they are men who are intelligent and want things laid out in front of them so they can make a decision without having to decipher what is being communicated to them. At least the men I know who fall into this category are like that.  They are very literal.  This has been a fun project inspite of the frustrating moments.  I wish I had more hours/days to really create a masterpiece.  However, time is rushing by and I do have a deadline.  Once again, a big thanks to our instructor, Jenny VanSistine for her help and guidance.


Icons – World Communication


For the past two weeks we have been learning to use and working in the Illustrator program from the Adobe Creative Cloud Suite. Our assignment was to create a set of 4-6 icons. As I looked around the internet and at some flyers, etc I realized that icons have become a routine part of our day. They are used everywhere, everyday as a means of communication. Even something as vital as where the bathrooms are located is communicated to us through the use of icons.

Icons As a Valuable Selling Tool

Because I have daily interaction with a preschool and right now we are trying find ways to let the community know what we do, it occured to me that icons might me a useful tool. I want to utilize these icons to attract the attention of both preschoolers and their parents and convince them that we have something special to offer them. I decided to create the following icons because I get to use these instruments in the class that I teach for 2-3 months each school year. Here are the icons I created.

I know through personal experience that when it is time to pull out and use the instruments, the excitement of the littlest of children is palpable. When we do our performance for family and friends at the end of our music unit, we get all sorts of acclamation and congratulations on our accomplishments with instrument usage. Because of this experience, I know the instrument icons will be appealing and attract the eyes of preschoolers and their parents.

Playing With Illustrator

We also got to play with the Illustrator program and take these icons and create them in 60×60 pixel size as well as 400×400 pixel size. Here are png copies of my icons. I will start with the 60X60 pixel icons.

I used a 2pt stroke on the originals.  I felt it really helped them jump off the page and catch the viewers attention, but when converted to 40ox400 pixels, the stroke overtook the picture. Here is an example of one of them.

After consulting with my instructor, I discovered that under Preferences there is a box you can check called Scale strokes and effects. Once I checked that box, I was able to recreate the icons and was much happier with that effect.  Here are the final 400×400 pixel icons.

Design Principles Make the Icon

I chose to use primary colors on my icons. The primary colors (red, yellow, blue) are very appealing to young children. Because I had to have more than three colors for the xylophone, I combined these colors. I purposely combined these three basic colors to create the extra blades. On a xylophone, you need seven separate colors so the children recognize that each color creates a unique sound. I needed a seventh color on the xylophone and I chose white. So I also included some white on a couple of the other instruments to create repetition while adding contrast to the primary colors. I included a border around each icon. I experimented with different backgrounds and decided I really liked the plain white background with a simple rounded corner border using the primary color that I had used the least in the icon. Again, that created repetition, yet contrast and interest in the overall design.

I utilized the principle of alignment by centering the instrument inside the border.

Decisions, Decisions

The final decision that I made was to add a shadow to each instrument. I really pondered this. I experimented with it and was just unsure for quite a while. My biggest dilemma was not understanding the principle of shading. Having grown up as a musician and not a visual artist (although I am surrounded with many), I have never understood how you figure out where the shadows go. I can’t even figure it out in nature. Even after taking a drawing class where we worked hard on that concept, I am baffled by it. I came to the conclusion that it might be caused by my eyesight. My eyes play tricks with the light and I have to have prisms in my glasses to help control it. Back to the icons, after playing with shadows and without, I decided that personally I did like them with shadows so I included the shadows.

Looking Forward

The past two weeks have been very enjoyable. After the InDesign program we learned a few weeks ago, the Illustrator seemed very easy to use. I enjoyed the creativity of making these icons and I am excited to continue using Illustrator to build my skills.

I would again like to thank my classmates and my very generous instructor, Jenny VanSistine for their valuable assistance and critiques of my work. I incorporated many of their suggestions and it improved my roughdraft of the icons in many ways.

InDesign Magazine Spread

My InDesign Magazine Spread

The past two weeks have incorporated learning Adobe InDesign and creating a 3 page magazine spread.  The spread had to be an article from or  It had to be at least 600 words. The article I chose was just over 2000 words and was a little too long for 3 pages.  I cut some of it, but still had to use print that was a little to small for comfortable reading. The spread had to include the principles of design, color, typography and photography that we have studied in the past 4 weeks.  The article I chose was “Worship Through Music” by Elder Dallin H Oaks.  Here is a link to the article I used.

Here is a copy of my project:

Worship Through Music
by Elder Dallin H OaksWorship Through Music Magazine Spread

Design Analysis

Since this article was written by Dallin H Oaks of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints, I wanted to include a copy of the Hymnbook that is used by the LDS congregations.  I nestled the dark green hymnbook amongst some varigated green foliage and felt that this would be a good photo for the front page.  I then decided to use colors that would work with this dark green.  I found a chart that said dark green is a color that is associated with feelings of peace.   Peace is something we associate with the Savior, so singing hymns of worship should emit peace.  I used shades and hues of violet and yellow to lighten the feel of the dark green. I used split complimentary colors from the color wheel.

I mostly used the purple to help lighten the pages.  I ended up using the pale yellow as 1) a contrast against the dark green and 2) a way to bring the yellow I used on the darker page to tie the other two pages together.  I did the same with the violet and dark green.  I used full page violet line on each page as well as a line half the width of the page to bring repetition to each page. Some of the colors I pulled from the pictures to again bring repetition to the whole spread.

Typography began with a serif font for the copy (Rockwell).  I used a sans serif (Segoe UI) for the titles and subtitles.  With the help of our instructor, Sister Van Sistine, I realized that I needed something different to help the title of the article  stand out.  I found a font called Shine Personal Use that I incorporated into the title and the pull quotes.

I made many revisions and could still be revising it if I had unlimited time.  Looking for widows and orphans, rearranging this quote to avoid tangents and fitting the copy to begin and end evenly is quite a chore.


We had to use at least two of our own photographs.  Here are photos I used.

This photo was taken by myself and it depicts the photography skill depth of field.

This photo was also taken by me.  It is a picture of Mt Adams taken at sunrise (one of the golden hours) while standing in my driveway.  It uses the principle of thirds and leading lines.  There is also depth of field in it. I used it as the background for a pullout quote.

This final photo was taken by putting a sprig of flowers on my piano keyboard.  To me a keyboard is where my love of the hymns originated.  I also took this photo.

Audience                                                                                                                     My intended audience for this project was anyone from the age of 12 through adulthood into old age who does not have a solid appreciation of worship hymns.  I feel the opening page of my spread really draws the eye with the use of the dark green background and the plant with the hymnbook nestled in it.  It helps me think of being nestled in the arms of the Savior.  That is how the melodic worship hymns make me personally feel.  I believe the photograph will pull the eye in and the calmness of the colors will lead the receiver to want to read what the article is about. Because the audience is so broad, I tried to use inviting colors that would help them feel calm and protected and peaceful.


This has been a very educational, creative, and just plain fun two week period of time.  One of my favorite things to do is be creative and learning a new computer program to help me is like frosting on the cake or sprinkles on the ice cream sundae.  During the past two weeks, I have learned the Adobe Creative Cloud App, InDesign and been able to use it to create a 3-page magazine spread.  The learning curve was steep but well worth the mental stress I endured.

I want to give a great big THANK YOU to my instructor, Jenny Van Sistine for taking the time to give me not just one, but two video critiques with many great ideas to help me, as well as answering my many questions.  I would also like to help my classmates who critiqued my rough draft on our class Facebook page.  I incorporated many of their ideas also.

Baby Steps Into the World of Photography

I have concluded that photography, while a great skill to have, does not come easily to everyone.  I have enjoyed learning about this new skill this week and hope that with lots of practice and more knowledge, I can become a decent photographer.  This assignment is enticing me to purchase a dslr camera to help me gain better skills.

The Rule of Thirds

The above picture is an example of the rule of thirds.  I found it on a website called  The photographer is Jack Morch.  I was not able to find any information about him, but I love this picture.

This picture is an example of the rule of thirds.  The horizon is right at the top horizontal third.  The dandelion drifts away at the top of the left third.  The little girl’s face is centered along the right third of the right vertical side.

The above picture is one that I took with my phone.

The object of focus (my granddaughter, Jordyn) is along the right vertical line that divides the picture into three vertical sections.  The top of her head is right at the point where the top horizontal line and the right vertical line intersects.  I think using the rule of thirds for this photo helps the viewer focus on Jordyn and her Grandpa rather than the background of the photo.

Leading Lines

This picture by Jim Zuckerman is an example of leading lines.  Jim Zuckerman left his medical studies in 1970 in favor of photography. He has written over 20 photography books, teaches photography through webinars and hosts photography tours all over the world. I found this picture at

Leading lines should direct the viewer’s eye directly to the main object of focus.  This picture is a perfect example of that.  Each row of flowers leads us through the photo to the windmill.

The picture of the lilac bush that I took in my backyard is a good example of leading lines.

The top of the fence and the edge of the grass lead directly to this beautiful bush.  The neighboring hedge also gives a very powerful leading line that directs the eyes of the viewer toward the bush.

Depth of Field

I found this example of depth of field at  It was taken by a photographer named Nita and it has a CCO License.

In this example of depth of field, the dandelion stands out in perfect focus while both the middle of the picture and the back of the photo are blurred. The dandelion represents the depth of field in this picture.

This is a photo I took with a borrowed Nikon 5500.  I had never used a dslr camera before so this was a steep learning curve.  These are lilacs in my backyard.  While I have a lot of practising to do to become even an amature photographer, I was happy with this picture.

In this picture, the depth of field is seen in the center lilac which is in focus while the other two lilacs and the background foliage are blurred.  This allows the viewer to focus clearly on the center bloom.

The world of photography is very new to me.  I have never been drawn to or experimented seriously in the field of photography before.  I have taken quick snapshots of family and on family vacations, but never worried about how they turned out.  It was all about the memories.  This has been a fun week and I am looking forward to learning more about photography and the possibilities it could lead to.



Typography, The Building Block of the Printed Page – Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

I found this advertisement for Whoppers candy on It is a 1970s advertisement. I was not able to find it’s original designer or source.  It was originally published by the Leaf candy company. I also found it featured on a website, created by Nancie Rowe Janitz Designs.

While nostalgia plays a roll in the appeal of this advertisement, I feel the contrast in typography also grabs the attention of the viewer.

The first typeface I would like to feature is a Sans Serif font. It is a monoweight font which means that there are no thick/thin transitions in the strokes and the letters are the same thickness all around. There are no serifs on any of the letters. It is easy to read and is used to inform us what product they want us to know about (actually they want us to buy it). In this advertisement they use this font to identify the product and give information about the company who produces the product.

The second typeface on this advertisement was a Script font. It appears to be excellent penmanship. In the 1970s children still learned to write cursive and penmanship was an actual grade on our report cards. Their use of this tidy cursive penmanship depicts reliability and care in creating the product for us. Obviously, someone with good penmanship is reliable and you can trust what they are telling you. The following information is trying to convince us to purchase this product. “Everybody stops to shop America’s fastest selling malted milk balls!” It also includes the word “original”, thereby informing you that these are not the cheap knockoff version. This script typeface is used to give us confidence in this product.

Robin Williams, the author of the book “The Non-Designers’s Design Book”, tells us that script fonts should be used sparingly. In this advertisement, they do use it for quite a bit of the information, but they break it up with the use of the sans serif font so you are not getting a large dose of the script for a long stint of reading.

The the elements that create contrast in these two fonts include color, weight, size, structure, and form. They use two different colors which creates contrast. The weight of the sans serif typeface is much bolder than the script. They were not wimpy when they used it. The size difference is also obvious in the two different fonts. The structure of the sans serif is very monoweight with no weight shifts in the strokes. There are gaps between each letter. It is rather like putting blocks together to create words. The script has different size letters and flows together with each letter connecting to the next. On both styles of typeface, the form of the capital letters is different than the lowercase, however, the script typeface has completely different forms than the sans serif do. All of these differences create contrast in the typography of this advertisement.

While the graphics on this page really sell the product (who doesn’t remember Whoppers, or in my case, malt balls from their childhood), the typography really sends a message about the value and enjoyment of this candy.  The name in bold sans serif typeface sells you about the durability and the long-lasting pleasure you will gain from this product. The tidy script convinces you that this company takes pride in the quality of their product. These two fonts are a good combination that provide contrast in the advertisement, while unifying the information they are imparting.  Each font has both visual and emotional appeal and they are used in a design that makes them easy for the consumer to read and remember.



Drawn to the Theater through the Principles of Design and Color

This is a poster advertising a play at a local Yakima, Washington theater. It was created by Derek Smith, a local Yakima graphic artist. He does not have a website and does his work freelance for a few local businesses. When I asked him for permission to use it, he said he didn’t want to have a link to his business because he is slowly dissolving his business in favor of a full-time job as a graphic designer.



Derek utilizes the design principle of contrast in this poster with the use of the bright green ornament against the pale pointe-shoes.  The bright green creates contrast with the rest of the poster.  Although you can see the image of the Nutcracker in this picture, on the original poster it is blurred a little more and you have to really focus to see the Nutcracker in the ornament.  Once you have focused, your attention is captured.  You then move to the pointe shoes and you understand that this is about the Nutcracker Ballet.  The use of the ornament under the word THE in the title also provides contrast, as well, the font used for the title is different from all of the other fonts used.



The background lights create repetition in this poster.  The text, other than the title of the play, is all the same font which gives more repetition and sense of consistency.  Although it doesn’t show as repetition on this poster, the logo and the banner at the top is repetition to the community. Every poster, advertising of the theater, and other communication have this at the top, thereby providing repetition to the community letting them know where this communication is coming from.



Derek utilizes the design principle of alignment by left aligning the title of the play with the information regarding when the play is and how to get tickets.  He also used it to separate general information about the play.  As you notice the banner and logo at the top of the poster, it is not aligned with the rest of the text, however, this design is aligned the exact same way on every poster and leads to consistency in communicating to the public who is responsible for this production.



Derek also utilized the design principle of proximity.  As shown in the poster, you can see how he has separated and grouped together when the performances are.  He also grouped together the cost of tickets and again information regarding the purchase of tickets.  On the other side of the page, he grouped together information that would peak the interest of the local community and convince them they would want to come to this production.



Derek’s use of color on this poster is subtle, yet it inspires excitement. Twinkling lights always give the feeling that something exciting is happening.  A bright green ornament evokes memories of childhood Christmases for the adults and the excitement of Christmas for the children.  He also picked up subtle tints of the lights to highlight the graphics and shades of the background to shade the graphics.  I think his use of this technique really unifies his design.  His use of color created emotions to sell the play to people rather than a specific color pattern.  I would have chosen to use the color of the lights for the text rather than white to further unify the poster.

This poster is very well done.  It captures your attention with the big green ornament.  You logically look close to see what the image inside the ornament is and next at the pointe shoes and go back to the ornament and the Nutcracker.  That logically leads you to the large title and because of the alignment of the information, you follow it to find out information.  The logo at the top is familiar to many and you know it will be held at the Akin Center Theatre.   I believe Derek did an excellent job utilizing the principles of design and color in this advertising poster.